“Bones of Contention: The Political Economy of Height Inequality.” Working Paper, University of Chicago, Department of Political Science. Secondly, we see that across all regions, average human heights have experienced significant growth over the past century. (2004). There are large differences in human height across the world. Boys peak later, at around 18 years old. Compare this to Madagascar, which had the smallest gain of only 1.5 cm. Height is often seen as a proxy for ‘biological standards of living’: the World Health Organisation recommends its use “to predict health, performance, and survival”.20. This means 68% of women were between 157.6 and 171.8 cm; and 95% between 150.6 and 178.84 cm. Despite variation across countries, men and women globally saw similar gains: about 8 to 9 cm. This makes the study of human height relevant for historians who want to understand the history of living conditions. This makes the United States the 40th tallest nation in the world. The two halves of the Korean Peninsula share a genetic lineage, but since the partition in 1945 there has been a great divergence in average heights. There are large variations in average height between nations: the shortest being men in Timor at 160 cm, and the tallest from the Netherlands at 182 cm.

License: All of Our World in Data is completely open access and all work is licensed under the Creative Commons BY license. Recent breakthroughs in sequencing the human genome have allowed identification of 697 genetic variants that influence the height of an individual (https://www.nature.com/articles/ng.3097). This entry can be cited as: Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. Countries which lie above the grey line saw greater height increase for men than for women; for countries below the line, the opposite is true. Introduction, Fast food consumption of US adults: impact on energy and nutrient intakes and overweight status, The making of giants in a welfare state: the Norwegian experience in the 20th century, Physical status: The use of and interpretation of anthropometry, Report of a WHO Expert Committee, Major correlates of male height: A study of 105 countries, Adult height, nutrition, and population health, Protein and amino acid requirements in human nutrition, Contribution of animal source foods in improving diet quality and function in children in the developing world, The role of nutrition and genetics as key determinants of the positive height trend, Stature and Nutrition in the Habsburg Monarchy: The Standard of Living and Economic Development in the Eighteenth Century, Heritability in the genomics era—concepts and misconceptions, Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height, The mountains of giants: an anthropometric survey of male youths in Bosnia and Herzegovina, The biological standard of living in the two Koreas, Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994, Genetic influences on the difference in variability of height, weight and body mass index between Caucasian and East Asian adolescent twins, The changing shape of global inequality 1820–2000; exploring a new dataset, The development and inequality of heights in North, West, and East India 1915–1944, Genetic evidence for recent population mixture in India, Determinants of height and biological inequality in Mediterranean Spain, 1859–1967, Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa: new data and new insights from anthropometric estimates, Common SNPs explain a large proportion of the heritability for human height.