Khan’s domineering personality led to clashes with his doting brother Imrat as also with some of his closest ones. Yet, his music continues to reverberate. Some ragas he would somewhat re-interpret (Bhankar, Jaijaivanti), others he invented himself (Enayatkhani Kanada, Sanjh Saravali, Kalavanti, Mand Bhairav), but he was first and foremost a traditional interpreter of grand, basic ragas such as Yaman, Shree, Todi, Darbari and Bhairavi. By his first marriage with Monisha Hazra, a sophisticated Calcutta lady, he had three children, Shujaat, Yaman and Zila. Ses parents se sont rencontrés à New York, à l'ashram de Pierre Bernard, yogi Américain et demi-frère de sa mère Pirani Amina Begum[1]. ‘If the Khansahib says “too much salt in the curry”, I repeat after him like a Vedic chant, “too much salt in the curry”.’ Devidayal provides intimate glimpses of these personal episodes as well. Vilayat Khan’s first wife was a beautiful Hindu socialite from Calcutta, (late) Monisha Hazra. [8], The Imdad Khan family is of Rajput lineage. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vilayat_Inayat_Khan&oldid=150558174, Élève de l'École normale de musique de Paris, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Religions et croyances/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Culture et arts, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Khan was commissioned by Satyajit Ray to score the music for Jalsaghar (The Music Room, 1958) that won the Best Music award at the first Moscow Film Festival. He also gave sitar lessons to Big Jim Sullivan, the famous English session musician. During the mid 1960s, he came to Shimla as a g In an interview given to Karan Thapar for BBC in early 2002, Vilayat Khan admitted to be having the Rajput name – Kahan Singh. Nor two Vilayat Khans. Vilayat Khan performed at All Bengal Music Conference, as his first concert, organized by Bhupen Ghosh in Kolkata with Ahmed Jan Thirakwa on tabla. [4][5][1][3], However, Enayat Khan died when Vilayat was only ten, so much of his education came from the rest of his family: his uncle, sitar and surbahar maestro Wahid Khan,[4][6] his maternal grandfather, singer Bande Hassan Khan, and his mother, Bashiran Begum, who had studied the practice procedure of his forefathers. Also, he liked to perform without a tanpura drone, filling out the silence with strokes to his chikari strings. Devidayal’s book, based on her interest in the subject and research on the life, time and music of the maestro, provides a wholesome account of the Vilayat Khan phenomenon. By his second marriage, Vilayat Khan had one son, Hidayat (b. His performance at the concert organized by Vikramaditya Sangeet Parishad, Mumbai in 1944 drew the headline "Electrifying Sitar". Monisha is quoted saying how certain rules required to be followed strictly. [4][3], When he died from lung cancer in 2004, Vilayat Khan had been recording for over 65 years and broadcasting on All India Radio almost as long.

The brothers played duets in their youth but had a severe falling-out and for years were not on speaking terms. Accompli très précocement, il commence à voyager dès lâge de 20 ans à travers lInde, donnant des concerts, des conférences et des cours particuliers. 1975), also a professional sitarist. The only titles he accepted were the special decorations of "Bharat Sitar Samrat" by the Artistes Association of India and "Aftab-e-Sitar" (Sun of the Sitar) from President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed. Vilayat Inayat Khan (19 juin 1916 - 17 juin 2004) était un professeur de méditation et des traditions de l'Ordre Chishtiyya du Soufisme de l'Inde de l'est. Born in an environment of music, he continued with the relentless sadhana (riyaz) that his father and grandfather were known for. Il a enseigné dans la tradition du Soufisme universel, qui considère toutes les religions comme des rayons de lumière du même soleil. Vilayat Khan died on 13 March 2004 at Mumbai, India at age 75. The man, with all his contradictions, comes alive, warm, humane, charming and romantic, at the same time envious, insecure, whimsical and authoritarian. En 1975, il fonde l'Abode of the Message, qui est le quartier résidentiel de l'Ordre Soufi International, un centre de conférence et de retraite, et un centre d'étude de l'ésotérisme[2]. Two Ravi Shankars would not have served the same purpose. Monisha is quoted saying how certain rules required to be followed strictly. He was given a lot of credit for developing a sitar style called 'gayaki ang', where his sitar attempted to mimic the sound of the human voice and seemed to give the audience a sense that the sitar was singing. Vilayat Inayat Khan est décédé le 17 juin 2004, deux jours avant son 88e anniversaire. The ghost of Ravi Shankar’s global recognition seems to have disturbed him much of his life.

Vilayat Khan himself composed many bandishes using the pen name, Nath Piya. It was not only the nature and nurture but also the nature of nurture that made him what he was. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Amitbha Bhattacharya, an engineer by education and a retired member of  the IAS, has served in the erstwhile Planning Commission as Principal  Adviser in charge of Education, Culture, and  with UNDP, New Delhi. He had been touring outside India off and on for more than 50 years, and was probably the first Indian musician to play in England after independence (1951). We need them both to widen our horizons and enrich our experience. Unfortunately, in much of our public space we tend to reduce such talents into a binary of who is greater: Ravi Shankar or Vilayat Khan? This family represents the sixthh generation of musicians that dates back to the Mughal Empire. Sa sœur fut l'héroïne de la seconde guerre mondiale Noor Inayat Khan. [10], Khan spent much of his life in Calcutta (now Kolkata). [1][2][3] Along with Imdad Khan, Enayat Khan, and Imrat Khan, he is credited with the creation and development of gayaki ang (an attempt to mimic the sound of the human voice) on the sitar. ― Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan, Thinking Like The Universe: The Sufi Path Of Awakening. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. The development of Vilayat Khan’s unique music style—popularly known as the ‘gayaki ang’ (the vocalist style), as if he sang through the sitar, was influenced by his early training by vocalists (Khan himself used to sing well) and complemented by his innovation of a six-stringed sitar. 1960). This time he stated that he would not accept any award that other sitar players, his juniors and in his opinion less deserving, had been given before him.

However, one gets a balanced perspective from the noted critic VK Narayana Menon: ‘To have two sitar players in our midst of the calibre of Ustad Vilayat Khan and Pandit Ravi Shankar is a measure of the vitality of the music scene. Vilayat Khan made the United States his second home and had a residence in Princeton, New Jersey besides Dehradun and Kolkata, India. Vilayat Inayat Khan (19 juin 1916 - 17 juin 2004) était un professeur de méditation et des traditions de l'Ordre Chishtiyya du Soufisme de l'Inde de l'est. "Pointing out that sitar and its 'Parampara' (tradition) had seen the longest ever tradition in his family and his ancestors had chiseled the 'Gayaki Ang' (style mimicking the sound of human voice),[1] crucial to the playing of the instrument, Khan said no other 'gharana' was older than his in this arena.