The Spiny Porcupinefish (Diodon holocanthus) will quickly learn to take hand-fed foods. [5] C. valentini's eggs are demersal, attached to algae on coral rubble. These puffer fish have been known to live 5 to 10 years. Also since they get a large portion of their diet from grazing on algae a tank with enough surface area to grow sufficient algae is needed. The Brown Whitespotted Puffer can grow to 14" in length. As we said, it is suggested for a fish-only tank community with fish that have the same or similar traits. When inflated, this Puffer's body has a soft prickly texture, which is harmless to the touch. That obvious fact aside, I want to be sure that I am feeding it correctly. They will feed on chopped and frozen meats like fish, scallops, shrimp, squid, and clam. Many fish are known to feed on dead fish in the tank and with this one being deadly it should be avoided. Temp 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4, sg 1.020-1.025. It is omnivorous, it feeds on filamentous green and red algae, tunicates, and on smaller amounts of corals, bryozoans, polychaetes, echinoderms, mollusks, and brown and coralline red algae.[4]. It was found that predatory fish would rarely attempt to eat the eggs of C. valentini and when eggs were ingested they would be quickly egested. Again, do so with caution and close supervision. It had been previously understood that respiration through the gills ceased during inflation while cutaneous respiration increased, but this study found that cutaneous respiration is nearly nonexistent, and oxygen intake through the gills is almost five times higher than normal while C. valentini is inflated. This is one of those things where it really just depends on the fish you get and its individual personality rather than a species generalization. Eggs are spherical with nine radial layers, the outermost layer possessing strong adhesive properties. The head is blue-grey and the main body is white speckled with blue-grey spots. Heyo everyone! If your Valentini should die, remove its body from your tank immediately. Also try this with very hardy specimen such as mushrooms, xenia, green star polyps, and leathers. Upon hatching his parenting is done and the young fry are on their own. Whenever a mature female dies or is in any way removed, the mature male's territory shrinks to include only the domains of the living females. Stick to the cheap replaceable ones. [6] Upon hatching, larvae begin a pelagic phase that lasts between 64 and 113 days. When moving the puffer fish from one tank to the other, do not pull the fish out into air. They are occasionally found in schools together with Paraluteres prionurus, a non-toxic filefish which has evolved to mimic the very toxic C. valentini for protection against predators. Any fish with long flowing fins are not recommended. They are a small fish, but they do need room to swim. This is not healthy for the fish and should not be encouraged behavior though. Breeding in aquariums is not common place but can happen. Mating Valentinni’s sharpnose puffers from Nick Turner on Vimeo. Canthigaster valentini has a diurnal activity. Setup a bucket or bowl housing the puffer fish in the water it came in but with enough room for a good bit of water to be added. The Valentini Puffer (Canthigaster valentini) has the ability to inflate by inhaling air or water like the brown whitespotted puffer. This is a protective defense that Puffers have which prevents them from being eaten by other fish. [8], The toxin found in C. valentini as well as in other pufferfish species is one of the most potent naturally occurring toxins. The Saddle Valentini Puffer, also known as the Black Saddle Pufferfish, Blacksaddled Toby, Valentini Toby, or Saddled Toby. Do so with caution though, for every person that says they have done so with no issues of it eating coral, there is another that tells how they nipped and grazed on coral. [10] Threat of predation for adults as well as larvae and eggs is low due to unpalatability, causing reproductive behaviors to differ from other species according to the reduced predation risk. [9] It is a neurotoxin called tetrodotoxin present in the skin and other tissues of C. valentini. This is accomplished by filling a distensible stomach with water through rapid gulping which can increase their size to three or four times their original volume. I upgraded my tank to this tank (second hand) and with it came two valentini puffers. They should definitely be drip acclimated. This is a protective defense that Puffers have which prevents them from being eaten by other fish. I LOVE PUFFERS!! This allows females and males to maintain their territory without the necessity of protecting their eggs as well. It lacks pelvic fins and uses its pectoral fins to move giving it the stereotypical puffer movement. That means don’t go for the expensive invertebrates. The tail and fins show hints of yellow and there is a rainbow streak of color behind the eyes. Hi, I have just joined this forum as I am concerned about my valentini puffer. [6] Dominant males breed exclusively with the females in their territory and maintain territorial boundaries. [9], http://eol.org/pages/225023/details#distribution, http://eol.org/pages/225023/details#trophic_strategy, "All puffed out: Do pufferfish hold their breath while inflated? When it expands and inflates itself, a predator finds it difficult to swallow or get its mouth around the fish. Brocken Inaglory / Wikimedia Commons / GNU. So much so that the Saddled Filefish (Paraluteres prionurus) have naturally evolved to look like the Valentini Puffer as a deterrent even though they themselves are not poisonous. The unhealthy puffer has a … Valentini are omnivorous and enjoy a meaty diet in addition to grazing on your algae. It eats a wide variety of marine life, but it feeds mainly on tips of branching corals and to a lesser extent on sponges, mollusks, bryozoans, tunicates, algae, crabs, shrimps, and detritus. The male will then guard them for the 4 days (approximately) until they hatch. As cute as it is, unfortunately, it is not considered to be reef safe as it has an appetite for snails, crustaceans and small fish. Some tank mates to be careful with are Anglers, Basselets, Boxfish, Dartfish, and Groupers. They will spend most of their day grazing on algae and are typically nocturnal hunters. These social groups, though male dominated, were found to be defined by the female fish living within the male's territory. He doesnt seem to touch any of the corals in the tank. After incubating for between three and five days, a relatively long incubation period for tetraodontids, C. valentini hatch around sunset at which point larvae measure between 1.30 and 1.40 mm standard length. Although related, Porcupine or Burrfishes are not poisonous, but there are many species of Puffers that do excrete tetrodotoxin. Hard or soft, however we have lost a couple of crabs and a fire shrimp. After eggs are laid, no parental care is required because eggs are unpalatable and, thus, reasonably safe from predation. In captivity, it may not be quick to adjust to tank fed fares, because of its coral diet preference. Valentin's sharpnose puffer (Canthigaster valentini), also known as the saddled puffer or black saddled toby, is a demersal marine fish belonging to the family Tetraodontidae.The saddled puffer is a small sized fish which grows up to 11 cm. Like all puffer fish, Valentini have a ton of personality.